From the Dreamtime the Yowie In Myth And Reality
the "South China Giant", originally identified from six large
fossil teeth found in a Hong Kong Chinese chemist's shop by Dutch Palaeontologist
Ralph von Koenigswald in 1934, does appear to fit the description of
and teeth of Gigantopithecus unearthed in China since von Koenigswald's
initial discovery show these monster-apes subsisted on seeds, berries
and other herbivorous food, although there must have been meat-eating
forms, as suggested by the Australian Aboriginal traditions concerning
the habits of the giant hominids [of Gigantopithecus appearance] to
lived in a warm climate during the Pliocene-Pleistocene period, supposedly
becoming extinct by half a million years ago.
thought to be those of the Gigantopithecus have been found in China
and Java. With their opposable big toe they are distinct from other,
more man-like giant fossil footprints found in Australia, as will be
shown. If indeed Gigantopithecus footprints, they are certain evidence
of the presence of these monsters in ice-age Australia.
During the last
ice-age, sea levels were much lower than they are today, and the continental
land masses were considerably different to their present-day outlines.
Asia was joined
to the Americas by a land-bridge through what is now the Bering Strait,
while the present-day islands of south-east Asia formed a vast extension
of the Asian continent southward to Indonesia and as I will argue later,
in Chapter Four, this 'bridge' extended to New Guinea-Australia, with
Tasmania then part of the Australian mainland.
It will also
be argued later in this book that a land-bridge existed at this time
between New Guinea and New Zealand.
It was across
the former Asia-Australia land-bridge that Gigantopithecus, and also
Meganthropus, the equally monstrous "Giant Java Man", were
able to move southward, including other, smaller hominids, such as Homo
declares that Pleistocene Australia was never joined to the great south-east
Asian land shelf. And likewise, a land extension between New Guinea
and New Zealand is equally unthinkable.
Yet, for giant
races like Meganthropus, and also Gigantopithecus, or even smaller hominids
such as Homo erectus to have entered Australia during the Pleistocene
, a land-bridge would have been necessary. Otherwise, these primitive
creatures, incapable as they would have been of constructing even the
crudest water craft, could never have reached our continent.
This can also
be said of the unknown makers of the giant and modern human-size fossil
footprints found in 3 million year old volcanic ash deposits in the
Blue Mountains of New South Wales and elsewhere, which we shall study
in the Pleistocene period or before is an established scientific fact.
There exists a school of thought among anthropologists interested in
the 'relict hominid' mystery, who theorise that, while the Yeti/Almastis/Sasquatch
might have branched off as later-day forms of Gigantopithecus; Meganthropus,
having become a stone tool-making meat-eater, evolved into the smaller
Homo erectus, or "Java Man", who in turn evolved into modern
I also argue
that, while it would have been possible for giant races to enter Australia,
some could have evolved here from smaller hominid forms, and it is possible
that once established here, Homo erectus could have produced a giant
form through genetic mutation.
ape-men existing contemporaneously with more primitive giant manbeasts
are a prominent theme of Aboriginal dream-time myth and legend. As with
the eastern Australian Yowie, these too had many names.
I have said
that the early Aborigines feared the Yowies as very dangerous creatures,
avoiding them as much as possible. Sometimes however, the "hairy
man" became a problem, attacking Aboriginal camps, forcing the
tribespeople to defend themselves; as in the case of the Turramulli
giants of Cape York, in Queensland's far north.